The goal in managing your diabetes is keep your blood glucose levels, blood pressure and cholesterol levels under control. This is done through self-monitoring of your blood glucose and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
Glucose monitoring – A glucose meter, a small-battery operated device, tests your glucose using a small sample of your blood. The meter reads how much glucose is present in your blood.
Exercise – Physical activity is crucial and has a direct bearing on successfully managing your diabetes. Try fast walking, swimming, cycling, dancing or mowing the lawn; 30 minutes five days a week is recommended.
Healthy eating – It’s a myth that diabetics spend their life hungry or always resisting tempting food items. The best diet for a diabetic is the same healthy diet that’s best for everyone. So go ahead – eat your favorite foods! Just beware of the quantity of carbs, fats and proteins you consume at each meal. It’s important to regulate your sugar levels so you can avoid hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) and hyperglycemia (high blood sugar).
Partner with your doctor – To help you determine the best treatment for your individual case.
Maintain a healthy weight – This includes diet and regular exercise (30 minutes five days a week). If you are overweight, start by making a commitment to lose just 5% of your current body weight.
Quit smoking – If you smoke or use other types of tobacco, ask your doctor to help you quit. Smoking increases your risk of various diabetes complications, including heart attack, stroke, nerve damage and kidney disease and also puts you at a higher risk for many other disorders and diseases.